Vaishali, located at a distance of 142 kms from Bodh Gaya, is one of holiest sites for Buddhist pilgrims as this ancient city had two stupas which held the ashes of Lord Buddha. The name of this ancient town is derived from King Vishal who is mentioned in the Ramayana. This ancient city is believed to be the capital of the first republic state, Vajji, of the world (dated around 600 BC). Lord Buddha visited this bustling city many times and also gave his final discourse here; apart from announcing his approaching Mahaparinirvana. Emperor Ashoka placed an Ashokan Pillar with Lion Capital at that spot. Vaishali was also the venue of the second Buddhist council (the first being held at Rajgir). Some of the places to see while at Vaishali include the Stupa I and II, Ashokan Pillar (at Kolhua), Vishwa Shanti Stupa, Vaishali Archaeological Museum and the Coronation Tank. Vaishali is revered by followers of Jainism as well as Lord Mahavir, the last Tirthankar of Jainism, was born here.
Road – Vaishali is well connected with highways and is located at a distance of 56 kms from Patna, 102 kms from Nalanda and 142 kms from Bodh Gaya. Bihar State Road Transport Corporation buses and private buses/taxis are easily available to these destinations.
Rail – Hajipur Railway Station (35 kms away) and Patna (56 kms) are the nearest railheads.
Air – Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan (Patna) International Airport (56 kms) is the nearest airport while Gaya Airport is 166 kms away.